It’s time for the Peat Congress of 2012. It’s the 14th Peat Congress. The Peat Congress (IPC) takes place every fourth year and researchers and other stakeholders meet and exchange knowledge around peat.
IPC 2012 in Stockholm
The Peat Congress of 2012 will take place in Stockholm, Sweden. The theme of the IPC 2012 is “Peatlands in Balance”. At the IPC there will be presentations and documentation of the latest peat and peatlands research results. Peat will be treated in the broadest sense – from the boreal, temperate, and tropical regions of the world.
The congress is organized by TorvForsk, the Swedish Peat Research Foundation, representing the Swedish National Committee of IPS, in collaboration with research institutions, universities, and the peat industry.
Peat or turf as it is also called is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation. Peat is formed in conditions of wetlands, where oxygen is hindered from reaching the vegetation, which makes the rate of decomposition slower.
The knowledge around the importance of peatlands considering both climate and biological diversity is increasing, but there is still a long way to go. Many countries hardly make use of their peat at all, whilst other countries don’t have many peatlands, due to their climate. In boreal, temperate, and tropical zones peatlands are facing very different kinds of threats. All of these topics will be included in the Congress.
Peatlands are affected by changes in the environment, but it also affects the environment if it is used improperly. The IPC 2012 focuses on – peatlands in balance.
The vision of IPS is “the management of peatlands for the benefit of humankind now and in the future” provides us with a challenge. We must learn how to utilize and protect the resources to reach the status of peatlands in balance.
One of the main usages of peat is as a biofuel. It is used in order to replace fossil fuels and charcoals. In this sense it is better for the environment, though there might be other options that are even better, if the peat is not harvested in a sustainable manner. As a biofuel it is often used for heating.